How Did the Constitution Guard Against Tyranny? Essay Example 

One of the main reasons that inspired colonialists to settle in North America was tyranny so no wonder that from the very beginning of the state they searched for the ways of avoiding it. It is a well-known fact that if 1787 was not marked by a meeting of founding fathers in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the repercussions would be as negative as possible: here would not be any federal government and tyranny would flourish in our country. Representatives of 12 out of 13 states have managed to do the impossible: prevent power falling in hands of one person and making sure that the government itself won’t dictate its will to all people. The Constitution protects us against tyranny, covering many directions: federalism, distinction between sizes and influences of states, separation of powers and policy of checks and balances.

It was obvious that The Articles of Confederation was not efficient enough to struggle with tyranny and any dictator could find enough room for work as at that time all power could be concentrated in one hands. With Federalism all power was shared between the central government and enhanced power of local state government authorities. Thus, central government regulated trade and conduct external policies, and the states were responsible for internal policies, held elections and established educational institutions. As a result, central and state governments share power equally, control each other and cannot control everything singlehanded.

Separation of powers is another pillar of democracy and protection against oppression. The Cabinet was not just divided into central and state one, there were also separate branches responsible for particular directions where their power was down the line and still all departments are separate and do not influence each other, staying unbiased and legitimate. There are three branches: Legislative (House of Representatives and Senate), Executive (President) and Judicial (Courts). All three branches may have controversial points of view on particular events or situations, yet, they cannot force each other to accept certain viewpoint as these branches operate separately. In addition, one of the most evident examples how separation of powers helps to struggle against tyranny is a limited time period of employing people in the government who can make decisions that concern the whole country.  In some situations certain branch has more influence than others when it comes to solution of particular question so it is impossible to predict whom to corrupt to influence on their decisions and, after all, there is no point of doing so as in a few years there will be new people.

USA is a country of great diversity, there are 50 states, some of them are big, some are small, yet no matter what is the size of the state, all of them have equal representation in the government as well as vote of its senator. In other circumstances some states could not have a possibility to say a word in a government because sometimes the difference of population is dramatic.

The policy of checks and balances is another efficient way of protection of democracy. There is always a possibility when one branch of power instead of deciding on well-being of the country would try to do something unconstitutional to put a seal of approval on some unwanted actions. Other branches can veto these actions in order to keep everything fair. Thus, any branch cannot get absolute control over the government.

Us, we today take absence of tyranny in our country for granted, not realizing the amount of work done by founding fathers in far 18th century to protect us against it. The Constitution and laws of the country still stay on guard, guaranteeing that no one will ever be able to seize the power and become a dictator